The most wonderful thing is that the upper epidermis has a thick cuticle while the lower epidermis has a thin cuticle. The symmetry of monocot leaf is Isobilateral while that of dicot leaf is Dorsiventral. In this case, flowering plant is also known as angiosperms while non-flowering plant is known as gymnosperms . It consists of primary phloem, secondary phloem, cambium, secondary xylem, interxylary phloem, primary xylem and intraxylary phloem. Monocot Root. The cells are covered externally by thick cuticle. This type of root system is known as the adventitious root. 10. Primary xylem is present near the pith. Cambium produces the conjunctive tissue. 6. Monocot leaves have bulliform cells on upper epidermis, whereas in dicot leaves bulliform is absent. 12. Due to the intrusion of the phloem at four places, secondary xylem is ridged and furrowed at four places. In the young stem, vascular bundles are conjoint, collateral, open and endarch but old stems show secondary growth. The mesophyll has spongy parenchyma tissues. In old stem cortex consists of cork, cork cambium and cortex. 2. 6. It is well-developed, thin-walled and parenchymatous. In the old stem endodermis is not clear. In an orchid plant the leaf is sessile so it is a monocot. Sometimes they develop chlorophyll. The major role of stomata is to facilitate the gas exchange. 9. 14. Well-defined pith……………………… Dicotyledons. Presence of sclerenchymatous patches in the ground tissue. If you now take a look at the roots of both the plants and study the root system, you will see that roots differ in a monocot and a dicot. What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? 14. The zone is traversed by many secondary medullary rays. Just below epidermal layer are present two layers of cortex, consisting of large polygonal cells. Dicot leaf has a random number of stomata on the epidermis while monocot leaf has parallel stomata that are uniformly distributed. 11. 16. Chlorenchyma is present immediately below the cortex in the form of one or two layers. Monocot plants have single cotyledons whereas dicot plants have two cotyledons. ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides study notes on Secondary Growth in Dicot Stem of plants. 15. It is in the form of sclerenchymatous patches. The protoxylem is endarch and present near the pith. In woody plants, secondary tissues constitute the bulk of the […] Anatomy of Monocot Root: Zea mays-Root: It is circular in outline and reveals the following tissues (Fig. The dicot stem does not have a bundle sheath on the outside of a vascular bundle. Most of these species of plants are classified as monocots and dicots. 18. Primary xylem is situated near the pith. The difference between dicot and monocot root is, dicot root contains xylem in the middle and phloem surrounding it. TOS4. 12. Collenchyma is several cells deep below the four protruded corners while only a few layers deep at the other places just beneath the epidermis. What is the difference between Monocot Leaf and Dicot Leaf? 16. 12. August 10, 2012 Posted by Admin. Thus, four wedges of secondary phloem are formed. 2. A monocot leaf possesses stomata on both the epidermis layers and they generally have undifferentiated mesophyll. It is the underground part of a plant, which has an important role in plant life. Difference between Dicot and Monocot Roots, Stems . 10. Multicellular epidermal hair ………..Stem. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Monocot leaf has even green color distribution while dicot leaf has a dark green color on the upper surface … In the old stem, the vascular system consists of primary phloem, secondary phloem, cambium, secondary xylem, conjunctive tissue, included phloem and primary xylem. Flowers are generally pentamerous or tetramerous (floral parts in sets of 5 and 4 or their multiples). The monocot stem has a sclerenchymatous bundle sheath on the outside of a vascular bundle. Classification is used to identify and organize the different types of plants in the world. 15. 4. Share Your Word File Endodermis is the innermost layer of cortex consisting of barrel-shaped cells, filled with starch grains. Anatomy of Monocot Root: Zea mays-Root: It is circular in outline and reveals the following tissues (Fig. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Multicellular epidermal hair arise from some cells. 21. 11. Vascular bundles are conjoint, collateral, open and endarch…………….. 5. … Monocots Dicots Plants that have only one cotyledon in seeds are monocots Plants that have two cotyledons in seeds are dicots The floral parts are in multiples of three The floral parts are in multiples of four or five The pollen tube is monocolpate: The Pollen tube is … (b) 1. Parenchyma is present below the sclerenchyma or collenchyma in the ridges and directly below the epidermis in the grooves. Endodermis is clearly developed and made up of many, tubular, thick-walled cells. (iv) Inner phloem contains sieve tubes and companion cells, and called metaphloem. Monocots leaves have an equal number of stomata on each surface while dicots leaves have more stomata on their lower surface. Monocot and Dicot Stems: Type # 1. Tracheids and vessels are also present. It is thin-walled and parenchymatous. 3. Primary phloem is crushed and present in small patches. Anomalous secondary growth is due to the formation of successive rings of collateral vascular bundles. It consists of companion cells, thin-walled cells of phloem parenchyma, and well-developed sieve tubes. (c) 1. Many vascular bundles are scattered in the ground tissue. 7. There are also major differences between the seeds, flowers, leaves, and the stems of the two. Differentiated into the lower spongy mesophyll and upper palisade. Large vascular bundles that show protoxylem and meta-xylem elements. A cambial strip is present in between secondary xylem and secondary phloem. Cambium is present in the form of strips on both the sides of the xylem. A few multicellular hair are also arising from some cells. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? Share Your PPT File. Dicot Root. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. 5. Normal Dicotyledonous Stems 4. Vascular bundles are conjoint, bicollateral, open and endarch. 17. 4. Embryo. It is rarely complete. Secondary phloem is present inner to the primary phloem. 13. 5. Difference between Dicot and Monocot Roots, Stems . 8. Monocot Stem. Have a single or double layer and formed of colored cells due to the presence of chloroplasts. Welcome to Core Differences. Ground tissue is differentiated into stelar and extra-stelar tissues. Dicot root has a tap root-like structure and they are narrower while monocot root has a fibrous root-like structure which is comparatively larger. Secondary phloem is in the form of a ring which remains intruded into the secondary xylem at four places. Presence of cambium…………………… Dicotyledons. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Conjoint, collateral, open and endarch vascular bundles ………… Stem, 2. Normal Dicotyledonous Stems 4. Xylem is situated towards the inner side in the bundle, and consists of few large and small vessels and xylem parenchyma. While dicot seeds are seeds with two Cotyledons. Leaves are net veined […] 3. Share Your PDF File Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 15. Single-layered epidermis consists of compactly arranged thin-walled cells and is covered by thick cuticle. 2. shows many ridges and furrows and reveals the following tissues from outside with-in: 3. Accordingly, dicot produces two leaves during the seed germination while the monocot produces one leaf during the seed germination. epidermis, and it is conjoint, collateral, open and exarch. 17. Get the answers you need, now! Examples of plants with dicot leaves are beans, trees, herbs, hibiscus, and tea among many others. 17. Xylem consists of tracheids and xylem parenchyma. 12. In old stems, however, it is not a conspicuous layer. Presence of vessels in the xylem…………….. Angiosperms, (b) 1. 14. The vascular bundles are surrounded by a sheath. Image 7: The image shows a … 7. Middle ring consists of 6-14 small vascular bundles. It cuts secondary phloem towards outer side and secondary xylem towards inner side. 8. Monocotyledons and dicotyledons, also known as monocots and dicots, respectively, are two types of angiosperm plants. 11. Monocot Stems. Presence of vessels in the xylem………… Angiosperms, (b) 1. Answer Now and help others. The types are: 1. Single-layered epidermis consists of many tubular cells and covered externally by thick cuticle. The cells lack casparian strips. It is represented by groups of sclerenchymatous cells situated just outside the vascular tissue. Vascular bundles are present in three rings. Larger vascular bundles that do not show protoxylem and meta-xylem elements. 8. Primary xylem is present close to the pith facing its protoxylem towards the centre. A small amount of thin-walled parenchyma is cut off on the outer side by the cambium (meristematic zone). The lesson provides detailed insight into the core difference between dicot and monocot leaf in tabular form. Chlorenchymatous layers (3 to 6 or more) are present inner to the hypodermis. In the case of monocot stems, they come with scattered vascular bundles. The continuity of the layer is broken by few stomata. Another main difference in monocot and dicot leaf is that monocot leaf has an equal number of stomata on either side, but dicot has more stomata at its lower surface. 2. 9. Main Difference – Stomata of Monocot vs Dicot Plants. The following points highlight the top four types of monocot and dicot stems. 7. Visit at.Start studying monocot stem. Download PDF for free. Cotyledons are fleshy and store food materials. Endodermis is undistinguishable from cortical cells. 2. Monocot – It only has one cotyledon in its embryo. The meristematic tissue, instead of cutting separate vascular tissues, cuts individual vascular bundles. (b) 1. Interxylary phloem and medullary bundles are present. Normal Monocot Stems: I. Zea mays-Stem: ADVERTISEMENTS: T.S. This phloem is the included phloem. Endodermis is the innermost layer of cortex, consisting of elongated cells which lack casparian thickenings. A monocot leaf is a plant that has one cotyledon within a seed. The space between sclerenchyma and the central pith cavity is filled with many thin­walled, parenchymatous cells of ground tissue, in which the vascular bundles remain embedded. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. 2. Bundle sheath is present in the form of a large patch on the outer side and a small strip on the inner side of vascular bundle. It consists of primary phloem, secondary phloem, cambium, secondary xylem and primary xylem. Just below the pericycle are present the patches of primary phloem. … 6. Aerial roots are almost always adventitious. Similarities between dicot stem and monocot stem: Ø Epidermis is usually single layered in both dicots and monocots Ø Thick layer of cuticle present in both groups Ø Hypodermis is present in both the group (cell type varies) 19. The leaves have double epidermis on either side. Both the plants differ in leaves arrangement, stems, and roots. 15. Other adjacent cambium cells are normally producing secondary xylem towards inner side. Scattered vascular bundles…………………… Monocot. These flowering plants are divided into monocots and dicots. The dicot stems have trichomes. It is in the form of sclerenchymatous patches. 14. Dicot leaf shows reticulate venation, i.e. Parallel venation means veins in the leaf are arranged in a parallel orientation. Xylem consists of vessels and tends to occur on the upper epidermis. Monocots and Dicots: Characteristics and Differences Plants can be broadly divided into two types: flowering plants and non-flowering plants. Monocot leaf is slender and long whereas dicot leaf is broader and comparatively smaller. The Dicot and Monocot Roots are distinguished mainly based on the structure of the root. It may or may not have chambers but has more seeds than that of the monocot. Has a thin cotyledon and lacks food materials. Main Difference. 2. 2. Large intercellular spaces are present in the ground tissue. Monocot Stem with Secondary Thickenings 3. chlorenchyma and an innermost layer of endodermis. Seeds are generally formed as the end product of sexual reproduction in plants and are exclusively found in angiosperms and gymnosperms. T.S. Phloem occurs on the lower epidermis of the leaf. The leaves of Monocots have parallel veins that begin at the base of the leaf and end at the tip without any branching (Lily family). These bundles get embedded in the thick prosenchyma and their phloem appears as included or interxylary phloem. The two are commonly spoken as dicots and monocots. 8. Phloem is situated towards the outer side in the vascular bundle and consists of companion cells and sieve tubes. Monocot leaves are isobilateral i.e., both surfaces look the same and are structurally the same and are both exposed to the sun (usually vertically oriented). They intrude into the secondary xylem, and so the xylem cylinder appears ridged and furrowed. 10. Difference Between Monocot and Dicot Roots. Vascular bundles are conjoint, collateral and endarch. Phloem consists of sieve tubes, companion cells and phloem parenchyma. Parenchyma is present below the collenchyma. Stem, 2. Some of the epidermal cells protrude out as multicellular shoot hair. It is many cells deep. 1. Most leaves are usually green, due to presence of chlorophyll in the leaf cells. Well-developed ground tissue……………………. The bundle sheath extension is sclerenchymatous. Radicle produced the primary root bears many lateral roots. The plants also possess dorsiventral symmetry. Monocot Seed. Coritical bundles have also been reported in some other families such as Casuarinaceae (Casuarina), Umbelliferae (Eryngium), Papilionaceae (Lathyrus marytimus), Melastomaceae, Rutaceae, etc. The monocot stem also has the single layered epidermis along with the thick cuti… 11. 4. Vascular bundles are many and scattered in the ground tissue with no definite arrangement. We can see that the orchid plant has an aerial root system. Large xylem vessels are very clear in thick-walled conjunctive tissue. Phloem is situated in the form of patches of outer phloem and inner phloem. The key difference between monocot and dicot leaves is that monocot leaves possess a parallel venation while dicot leaves possess a reticulate venation. Difference between Dicot and Monocot Stems, Difference between Dicot Root and Monocot Root | Plants, Monocot and Dicot Roots (With Diagram) | Plants. The cells are filled with chloroplasts and show many intercellular spaces. Primary phloem is crushed and obliterated. These are called medullary bundles. Furthermore, monocot leaves are bicollateral leaves while dicot leaves are dorsoventral leaves. Likewise, the term “dicot” refers to flowering plants having two cotyledons. Monocot Root Cross Section Labeled Human Anatomy Body. 5. Single-layered epidermis, consisting of rectangular cells, is present in the younger stages but at maturity it gets ruptured due to secondary growth and replaced by cork. Secondary phloem is present in the form of a complete ring and consists of sieve tubes, companion cells and phloem parenchyma. Do you compare the shapes of the leaf or the type of stem? Stem. Single-layered epiblema consists of barrel- shaped or rounded cells. The venation of dicot leaf is reticulate whereas monocot leaf has parallel venation. These are also known as phellem, phellogen and phelloderm, respectively. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the top four types of monocot and dicot stems. 13. 12. Monocot Leaf Monocot leaves are the leaves which appear on plants produced from seeds with single cotyledon like Maize, Rice, Orchids, Grass, Wheat, Palm trees, Bananas, magnolia tree etc. 11. Stem. A well-developed sclerenchymatous sheath surrounds each vascular bundle which is more prominent at its upper and lower faces. Main Difference between monocot and dicot root anatomy: Both, monocot and dicot roots belong to plants. Vascular bundles of inner and middle rings may show a little secondary growth. Monocot Stems. is circular in outline and reveals the following tissues from outside with-in: 1. On the other hand, in dicots stem, the vascular bundles are arranged in the form of one or two broken rings, following that they have a definite shape. It is well-differentiated into collenchyma, chlorenchyma, parenchyma and endodermis. They face their xylem to each other. 2. It has a single layer and formed of colorless cells. 10. 3. 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