She reacts to Vyasa's frightful appearance by closing her eyes, and her son Dhritarashtra is born blind. Kunti Savitri follows the god and begs him to restore her husband's life. His skill as a military commander is unparalleled, and he leads his forces to many early victories. Yudhishthira's most notable traits, apart from his detachment, are his taste for gambling and inability to refuse a challenge. Endowed with incredible strength and the ability to speak, Hanuman is a magical monkey who plays a significant part in the epic poem, the Ramayana. Too which Sarmishta pushed Devayani down a well and left. A legendary king, Kuru gives his name to the Bharata people. Yama She accepts on the condition that he promise never to ask who she is or to question her actions. During the war, however, Jayadratha once again invokes Arjuna's wrath by outmaneuvering his son, Abhimanyu, indirectly causing the young warrior's death. Ghatotkacha Pompous and vain, Kichaka is nevertheless a respected general whose death prompts Duryodhana to launch an invasion of Virata's kingdom. He performs a horse sacrifice to absolve the sins of all those who took part in the hostilities. According to legend, her father was King Uparichara of Chedi. His youngest son was the only one who accepted and eventually after Yayati lived his life to the fullest, he gave his youngest son his youth back (Naryan). (This last is related to his code of conduct as a warrior, and therefore is not regarded as a flaw). King of the Madras, Salya fights with the Kauravas and leads their army after Karna's death. Aswatthaman was born with a blue jewel affixed to the middle of his forehead, which he relinquishes to Arjuna after his final defeat. Frightened by Vyasa's appearance, she turns pale, and gives birth to a pale-skinned son whom she names Pandu, meaning "white," "pale," or "pale yellow.". Psychology is defined as the scientific study of the mind and how it works. Mahabharata Characters . His courage is restored by Krishna, who sings to him the Bhagavad Gita, or the "Song of the Lord." After falling in love with and marrying Satyavan, Savitri learns that her husband has only one year to live. Chitrangada Mahabharata Character Analysis 843 Words | 4 Pages. Yuyutsu He fathers one son, Parikshit, by his wife Uttarah. He takes the form of a small copper beetle in order to achieve entry to Parikshit's guarded dwelling and commit the act. Krishna counteracts its force, however, by telling the Pandavas to drop their weapons and turn their thoughts from war, rendering them immune to its power. Vyasa Pre-processing - Filter out supporting texts such as tables of content, publisher details and chapter summaries. As a form of poetic justice, Dhrishtadyumna is likewise killed unheroically, as he sleeps in his tent, by Aswatthaman. The beauty of Mahabharat is the variety of its characters. It’s important to acknowledge the many branches of psychology in order to understand the reasoning behind the actions of the characters within Indian Mythology, in particular cognitive, It tells the story of a princess named Draupadi who marries 5 brothers, and is later gambled away by one of the five brothers to become a slave. In heaven, eight Vasu gods (attendants of Indra) are cursed to be born on earth. Stopped by Arjuna with the help of Krishna, Aswatthaman nevertheless cannot fully control the weapon and launches it into the womb of Uttarah, killing her unborn son Abhimanyu (though Krishna later restores the child's life). During the great war, however, he refuses to fight on either side. Eventually, Nala breaks free from Kali's hold on him and recovers both his throne and Damayanti. So instead of analyzing the tale using cultural psychology or social psychology, the focus will mostly be on cognitive psychology. Word Count: 282. After the birth of his five sons, Pandu gives in to temptation, carnally embraces his wife Madri, and dies in her arms. Though Arjuna, Bhima, and Yudhishthira track him down, they spare his life. Dhritarashtra's charioteer, Sanjaya reports the events of the great war to his king after Vyasa blesses him with heavenly sight and magical protection in battle. Kichaka He fathers the hero Arjuna. Although driven by malice and pride, Duryodhana behaves generously on occasion—but usually with an ulterior motive. Convincing her to make love to him, Parashara removed the odor of fish and replaced it with that of flowers. - Separate the text into chapters (called parva ) using suitable regular expres-sions. Dhrishtadyumna is the son of King Drupada, brother of Draupadi, and the general of the Pandava army. Dhritarashtra is the eldest grandson of Santanu. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Aswatthaman Possessing the wisdom of the all-pervasive Vishnu who is said to "repose in truth, truth in him," Krishna is infallible. Thus, Karna fights on the side of the Kauravas against his own half-brothers, the Pandavas, in the great war. After he has finished, his soul departs for heaven. Second wife of Pandu and daughter of the king of Madras, Madri uses Kunti's mantra to summon the fleet-footed gods, the Aswins. Kali then forces him to lose his kingdom in a game of dice and to desert his love. A gallant warrior, Arjuna is called Vijaya, or "victor" and Dhanamjaya, or "winner of wealth." What is the role of dharma in Mahabharata? After the war, Yudhishthira, now king, feels a great responsibility for the near total destruction of his people. Write. These three—Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna—are the heroes of the Mahabharata. He also draws King Drupada's bow at Draupadi's svayamvara, or ceremony of self-choice, winning her as wife for himself and his brothers. Kripa An analysis of the charachters Karna and Arjuna from the text; exploring their appearances, descriptions and associations in the epic. Kali is the god of misfortune. Subhadra God of the sun, Surya fathers Karna and warns his son that Indra will ask for his natural armor. King Janamejaya, Parikshit's son and successor, had held the snake sacrifice in order to avenge the death of his father, but the ceremony was stopped … Unlike past stories where the character’s behaviors were affected someway but tradition, culture or society, the story of Yayati has none of those attributes. Twin gods known as "the harbingers of dawn," the Aswins father Nakula and Sahadeva by Madri, Pandu's second wife. Terms in this set (61) Satyavati. Share. Kripa's twin sister. Word Count: 284. Sanjaya He builds this fire in honor of the god, and from the flames step Dhrishtadyumna and Draupadi. MAHABHARATA'S IMPORTANT CHARACTERS - MAHABHARATA is an epic narrative of the Kurukestra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. Vyasa also appears in the work as the son of Satyavati from a union prior to her marriage with King Santanu. When the tide of battle turns, Duryodhana flees rather than fight and perhaps die with honor. Arjuna chooses the former, while Duryodhana happily takes the latter. Great-grandson of Arjuna, King Janamejaya rules Kurujangala as the story opens. Blind from birth, he ascends to the throne after the abdication of his younger brother Pandu. Queen and wife of Dhritarashtra, Gandhari is the former princess of Gandhara. Duryodhana and Sakuni exploit these qualities of Yudhishthira's character by inviting him to take part in a game of dice. His name means "compassion," and though he follows the dharma of the warrior, Kripa practices restraint in his decisions and remains alive (one of only three Kauravas to do so) at the end of the war. STUDY. Stayed true to his promise. He later falls in the great battle, slain by Nakula and Sahadeva. Daughter of King Drupada of Panchala, Draupadi marries all five of the Pandava princes. Although he never leaves the forest where he was bom, Ghatotkacha takes part in the great war on the side of the Pandavas. A visualization of Mahabharata - the Indian Epic. The Aswins She refuses, and instead flees west to be with her true love, the King of Salwa. Sakuni Born of a fire that Drupada built in honor of Shiva, Draupadi is brave, pure, noble, and beautiful. Karna is a tragic figure in the Mahabharata. Abhimanyu Which Mahabharata Character Are You? The god of the dead, Yama appears in Markandeya's tale of Savitri. 15 pages at 400 words per page) View a FREE sample. Son of Drona, Aswatthaman is a mighty warrior who fights with the Kaurava army. Later Indra assists his son by disguising himself as a Brahmin and requesting Karna's natural armor as a boon, thus rendering Karna no longer invincible in war. He is nevertheless regarded as the father of Arjuna, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Nakula, and Sahadeva—all of whom are born from unions between his wives and various gods. The second son of Dhritarashtra, Duhsasana forcefully attempts to publicly disrobe Draupadi after she is lost to the Kauravas in a game of dice. Mahabharata is the longest epic in the world written around 300 BC, it was narrated by Rishi Vyasa and written by the Hindu God Ganesh and many other authors over centuries. Later, after her marriage and discovery that Pandu cannot have children of his own, she calls down the gods Dharma, Vayu, and Indra. After the death of his father during the war, Aswatthaman gives way to an almost uncontrollable anger and thirst for revenge. 1392 Words 6 Pages. He does this for seven years. The twins are the sons of Pandu's second wife Madri by the Aswins, gods called the "harbingers of dawn." The king of the gods and of thunder and rain, Indra rules in heaven. This list may not reflect recent changes . Arjuna's exploits include his journey to Indra's heaven—where his father, the king of the gods, advises him—and his discovery of magical weapons to aid the Pandavas in the war against the Kauravas. Vaisampayana Bhishma is not immediately killed by Sikhandin. Bhishma is one of the powerful characters of the epic, Mahabharata that contains and shows a pious way of life to the mortals living on earth. Indra also transports Arjuna to heaven for twelve years, and advises him on a variety of matters. He also grants Dhritarashtra's charioteer, Sanjaya, with the ability to see all the events of the great battle, day and night, and with divine protection so that he might report the war to his king. One day while dreaming of his queen, his seed fell on a leaf. Flashcards. 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